Wahana Peternakan https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Wahana Peternakan (JWP)</strong> adalah jurnal ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Tulang Bawang (UTB) Lampung berkolaborasi dengan Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Wahana Peternakan (JWP)</strong> merupakan jurnal yang menerbitkan artikel ilmiah berdasarkan <em>double blind</em> <em>peer-review </em>yang bertujuan untuk menyebarluaskan semua informasi yang berkontribusi pada pemahaman dan pengembangan peternakan dengan menerbitkan makalah penelitian asli, artikel telaah pustaka. kasus lapangan dan gagasan asli. Jurnal ini mencakup semua aspek yang berkaitan dengan Peternakan dan Veteriner.</p> <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong><img src="http://jurnal.utb.ac.id/public/site/images/riko1993/journalthumbnail-en-us1.png" width="211" height="299" /></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Wahana Peternakan (JWP)</strong> pada tahun 2022 terbit tiga kali dalam satu tahun yaiitu pada bulan Maret, Juli, dan November.</p> <p><strong>e-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1487654202" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2580-2941</a> | </strong><strong>p-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1610392878" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2774-6119</a></strong></p> Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung en-US Wahana Peternakan 2774-6119 Tingkat Keberhasilan Inseminasi Buatan (IB) Berdasarkan Service Per Conception Sapi Limousin Di Kecamatan Pekalongan Kabupaten Lampung Timur https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/511 <p>This research aims to knowing how the success rate of IB limousine cattle based on S/C in Pekalongan District, East Lampung Regency and knowing the factors that influence the success of IB based on S/C in Pekalongan District, East Lampung Regency. The method in this study is a survey method and data obtained by census, all Limousin Cattle that received IB services by the inseminator were used as samples. The success rate of IB limousine cattle in Pekalongan District, East Lampung Regency seen from the S/C in Limousine cattle was included in the normal range of 1.64. The factors that influence the S/C value in Limousine cattle are the BCS score has a positive association with S/C with a value of 0.364, age at first mated has a positive association with S/C with a value of 1.82, the age of the parent is negatively associated with S/C with a value of 1.82 (-0.215) and the shape of the cage wall was negatively associated with S/C with a value of (-0.0643).</p> Ardi Wibowo Novi Eka wati Kunaifi Wicaksana Copyright (c) 2022 Ardi Wibowo, Novi Eka wati, Kunaifi Wicaksana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 49 53 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.511 Pengembangan Usaha Ternak Sapi Potong Rakyat Berbasis Sumber Daya https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/552 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Smallholder farmers maintain beef cattle based on previous experience and information from fellow farmers. Success in livestock business is influenced by several aspects, both internally and externally. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of resource support on the development of smallholder beef cattle farming business. The research was conducted in Jetis Village, Curahdami Sub-District, Bondowoso District. The research variables consist of livestock farming business development (Y), economical resources (X<sub>1</sub>), social resources (X<sub>2</sub>), and environmental resources (X<sub>3</sub>). Methods of data collection is done by observation and survey. Data analysis was performed using the Partial Least Square (PLS) method using the SmartPLS 2.0 application. The results showed that livestock farming business development consisted of 4 (four) indicators, economical resources consisted of 5 (five) indicators, social resources consisted of 5 (five) indicators, and environmental resources consisted of 4 (four) indicators. The conclusion of the study shows that economical resources, social resources, and environmental resources have a positive and significant 38.9% effect on the development of smallholder beef cattle farming business.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Resources, Beef Cattle, Smallhoulder Farming. Livestock Farming Business Development.</p> Bagus Kesan Besari Ramadhan Amam Sukron Romadhona Supardi Rusdiana Copyright (c) 2022 Bagus Kesan Besari Ramadhan, Amam, Sukron Romadhona, Supardi Rusdiana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 54 61 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.552 Efisiensi Produksi Susu Sapi Perah Di Kelompok Peternak Mandiri Sejahtera Desa Tajurhalang Kabupaten Bogor https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/573 <p>This research aims to know efficiency of milk production at Mandiri Sejahtera Dairy Farmers Group and also to know how the factors of milk productions influence the amount of milk production at that group. Research methode which is used is with using giving quiz containing questions about factors relating to milk production. Factors of milk production which are researched are ownership of dairy cow for every farmer (SL), forage (H) and concentrate (K) which is used for every month/dairy cow, and working time per month/dairy cow. Data analysis used is using Cobb Douglass Equation, so, We could get milk production equation and know factors which significant (P &lt; 0,01 atau P &lt; 0,05) influence to milk production. Cobb Douglas Function of that milk production is LnPS = 0,38 + 0,432 LnH - 0,263 LnK + 0,590 LnJ* + 0,941 LnSL**. Factors most significant (P &lt; 0,01) influence the milk production are the ownership of dairy cow. The ownership of dairy cow which is efficient is about 3,32 LU/month/farmer which could produce milk about 250 liter/month/farmer. </p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Milk Production, Cobb Douglass, Ownership Of Dairy Cow, Dairy Farmer</p> Yuniawan Yuniawan Samaiharuh Samaiharuh Copyright (c) 2022 Samaiharuh Samaiharuh, Yuniawan Yuniawan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 62 68 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.573 Pengaruh Imbangan Pennisetum purpureum cv.Mott dan Indigofera zolligeriana dalam Ransum terhadap Total VFA, NH3 dan Populasi Protozoa Rumen in vitro. https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/587 <p>This study aims to evaluate the level of <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em> with <em>Pennisetum purpureum cv.</em> Mott in ration on rumen fermentation characteristics (total VFA, NH<sub>3</sub> and protozoa population) in vitro. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD), consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications. P1 = 60% <em>Pennisetum </em><em>p</em><em>urpureum cv</em><em>.</em> Mott, P2 = 45% <em>Pennisetum </em><em>p</em><em>urpureum cv</em>. Mott + 15% <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em>, P3 = 30% <em>Pennisetum </em><em>p</em><em>urpureum cv</em><em>.</em> Mott + 30% <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em>, P4 = 15% <em>Pennisetum </em><em>p</em><em>urpureum cv</em><em>.</em> Mott + 45% <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em>, P5 = 60% <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em>. All treatments received an additional 40% fine ricebran. The results showed that the level of <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em> flour with <em>Pennisetum purpureum cv</em>. Mott had no significant effect on total VFA and NH<sub>3</sub>. Total VFA and NH<sub>3</sub> ranged from 131.65 mM-143.24 mM and 12.61 mM-13.74 mM, respectively. Meanwhile, the population of protozoa had a significant effect (P&lt;0.05). DMRT further test results showed that P3 was significantly (P&lt;0.05) lower than P1, P2, P4 and P5. The average population of the protozoa ranged from 53.125 cells/ml to 90,625 cells/ml. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the administration of <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em> leaves by 30% was able to reduce the protozoan population in the rumen of FH cattle but had no significant effect on total VFA production and ammonia (NH<sub>3</sub>) concentration.</p> <p>Keywords: Rumen Fermentation Characteristics, <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em>, In Vitro</p> Siti Wulandari Barokah irma badarina Dwatmadji Dwatmadji Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Wulandari Barokah, irma badarina, Dwatmadji Dwatmadji https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 69 77 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.587 Produktifitas Hijauan Pakan Ternak Di UPT. Agroscience Teknopark Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Islam Lamongan https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/592 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Grazing with a free range system uses a forage cropping pattern aimed at providing feed throughout the year. This study aims to study forage quality and pasture productivity managed by UPT. Agroscience Teknopark Faculty of Animal Husbandry Lamongan Islamic University by taking forage samples from 3 pastures. Forage samples in fresh form were collected at 3 different sampling points in each paddock by using a metered quadrant plate measuring 0.5x0.5 m. Fresh samples were weighed and then sorted by plant species for identification of the botanical composition. The sample is then mixed again, to be dried. Parameters measured include forage mass production, botanical composition, and capacity. The results showed that there are 7 types of species that grow in the pasture, namely 5 gramineae, 1 leguminosae and 1 type of weed. The average mass production of forage in fresh form is around 22.70 t/year, and forage in dry form is around 20.25 t/year, with a capacity of 6.52 AU</p> <p><strong>Keyword :</strong> Fresh Forage Production, Dry Forage Production and Holding Capacity.</p> Fitria Dwi Cahyani M. Muhid Mustofa Afifudin Rosyad Haqiqi Hamadullah Alfian Adi Atma Copyright (c) 2022 Fitria Dwi Cahyani, M. Muhid Mustofa Afifudin, Rosyad Haqiqi Hamadullah, Alfian Adi Atma Atma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 78 83 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.592 Analisis Rantai Pasok (Supply Chain) Komoditas Ayam Cemani (Studi Kasus Di Pakis, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur) https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/586 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Chicken Cemani is a local Indonesian chicken that has been worldwide. The potential of Cemani chicken is very good, apart from being a chicken used for traditional ceremonies, Cemani chicken has good production potential and has very large export prospects. However, the population is still limited causing many requests that cannot be fulfilled. Maintenance that has not implemented an integrated and traditional supply chain system causes the development of Cemani chicken agribusiness to be slow. The supply chain management system (SCM) is an integrated marketing system that includes the integration of products and actors to provide satisfaction to customers. In the Cemani chicken commodity, the actors and those involved are not clearly known. This study aims to determine the actors involved in the Cemani chicken supply chain and to find out the product flow, as well as the finances contained in the supply chain in Pakis, Malang, East Java. The study was conducted at the Cemani chicken farm in Pakis, Malang, East Java. The location selection was done purposively based on the consideration that the center of the Cemani chicken farm in Indonesia was in Pakis, Malang City, East Java. The research was conducted in November 2020. The research method used is a descriptive survey method. The method of determining respondents is purposive sampling which is based on the supply chain of a farm owned by Mr. Ihsan and Mr. Sigit. Determination of the respondents of traders and consumers in this study was carried out by snowball sampling, namely tracing the supply chain channels of the livestock owned by Mr. Ihsan and Mr. Sigit from traders to consumers in the Java area. Respondents in this study were 2 breeders. The data for product flow obtained were analyzed descriptively while for financial flows were analyzed using margin and efficiency analysis. Based on the results of the study, it is known that the actors in the supply chain of grade I and grade I Cemani chickens are breeders, traders in the city, traders outside the city and consumers. There are three marketing channels in the marketing supply chain for Cemani chicken in Pakis Malang City, namely channel I consisting of Breeders → Traders Outside Malang City → Traders in the City → Consumers. Channel II consists of Farmers → Traders in the City → Consumers and channel III consists of Farmers → Consumers. Sales use online and offline systems. The flow of finance where the selling price is the highest is the out-of-town traders belonging to Mr. Sigit at a price of Rp. 350,000 – Rp. 531,250 / head with the age of 2-5 months. The most efficient marketing channel is that farmers distribute directly to consumers.</p> <p><strong>Keyword :</strong> Products flow, financial flow, local chicken</p> Alfian Adi Atma Wenny Ladhunka Nur Aliyya Wahyuni Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2022 Alfian Adi Atma Alfian Adi Atma, Wenny Ladhunka Nur Aliyya, Wahyuni Wahyuni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 84 91 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.586 Efektivitas Penggunaan Pellet Berbasis Rumput Odot Dan Kombinasinya Terhadap Performans Kelinci Rex Jantan https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/561 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to determine the effectiveness of using Dwarf Elephant Grass -based pellets and the combination on the performance of male Rex Rabbits. This study used 20 male Rex rabbits with an average body weight of 1222.61 ± 49.39 g/head (cv ±4,04%). The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with a unidirectional pattern with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The rations given were “Citra Feed” comercial pellets and Dwarf Elephant Grass -based pellets. The treatments were T0 (100% commercial pellet), T1 (70% commercial pellet + 30% Dwarf Elephant Grass pellet), T2 (30% commercial pellet + 70% Odot pellet), T3 (100% Dwarf Elephant Grass pellet). The results of statistical analysis showed that using Dwarf Elephant Grass -based pellets had a very significant effect on dry matter (P&lt;0.01), and had a significant effect on ADG and feed cost per gain (P&lt;0.05), not sicnificantly different to feed convetion ratio (P&gt;0,05). From the results of the study, it was concluded that using Dwarf Elephant Grass based pellets as much as 30% of the total ration increased the performance of male Rex Rabbits.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> dwarf elephant grass, pellets, performance, Rex Rabbit</p> Jalu Andika Kurniawan Eudia Christina Wulandari Purwadi Purwadi Copyright (c) 2022 Jalu Andika Kurniawan Jalu Andika, Eudia Christina Wulandari, Purwadi Purwadi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 92 101 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.561 Identifikasi Keragaman SNP Gen MSTN Pada Sapi Limousin https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/596 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Limousin cattle (Bos Taurus) are beef cattle that have a large, long, body shape, with have advantages of fast body growth, high fertility and easy reproducibility. Myostatin gene is a family of TGF-β which plays a role in muscle growth and meat quality. This study aims to identify diversity of the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNPs) Myostatine gene in the coding region in limousine cattle. Blood samples were taken from 15 limousine cattle from BPTU-HPT Padang Mangatas, West Sumatra Province. SNPs identification is finish by amplifying the coding region using the sequencing method. This study revealed 12 SNPs spread over 2 SNPs in exon 1 (c.400 G&gt;A, c.415 C&gt;A), 8 SNPs in exon 2 (c.2411 C&gt;T, c.2477 G&gt;A, c. .2489 G&gt;A, c.2503 G&gt;A, c.2521 G&gt;A, c.2577 C&gt;T, c.2609 G&gt;A, c.2636 G&gt;A), and in exon 3 find 2 SNPs (c .5107 C&gt;A, c.5113 T&gt;C) are polymorphic with allele frequencies in general being in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium except for SNP c.2411 C&gt;T which is not in balance. SNPs identified in the MSTN gene of limousine cattle are expected can fungtion as candidate genetic markers, especially for the perfection of beef cattle in Indonesia.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Limousin Cattle, MSTN, SNP</p> Wenny Ladhunka Nur Aliyya Jakaria Jakaria Ronny Rachman Noor Copyright (c) 2022 Wenny Ladhunka Nur Aliyya, Jakaria Jakaria, Ronny Rachman Noor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 102 107 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.596 Body Condition Score (BCS) Sapi Pesisir Di Kecamatan Lengayang, Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan, Sumatera Barat https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/614 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to determine the Body Condition Score (BCS) in Pesisir cattle. The Pesisir cattle used were 200 heads, which were located in Lengayang District, Pesisir Selatan Regency, Sumatera Barat Province. Research data was collected using a survey method by direct observations in the field and interviews with farmers. The research variable that was observed was the Body Condition Score (BCS). BCS value was measured using a scale of 1-3 (thin/medium/fat). The proportion of Pesisir cattle with BCS 1, 2, 3 was 14.5%, 70.5% and 15.0%, respectively. The BCS value of Pesisir cattle owned by farmers in the research location was in the normal range which refers to the standard BCS value of 1-3.</p> <p><strong> </strong><strong>Keyword: </strong>Body Condition Score<em>, </em>Pesisir cattle</p> Adisti Rastosari Tinda Afriani James Hellyward Syahrial Syahrial Copyright (c) 2022 Adisti Rastosari, Tinda Afriani, James Hellyward, Syahrial Syahrial https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 108 112 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.614 Potensi Kombinasi Maggot, Kunyit dan Indigofera Sebagai Antioksidan Alternatif Imbuhan Pakan https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/616 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The purpose of this study is to find out how much antioxidant content combination maggot (<em>Hermetia illucens</em>), turmeric (<em>Curcuma domestica</em>) and <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em> to be used as an alternative feed additive for poultry. This study used a complete randomized design with 6 treatments 3 replays using DPPH method with treatment P0 vitamin C (positive control), P1 (2,5% turmeric + 5% Indigofera + 25% larva BSF), P2 (2,5% turmeric+ 10% Indigofera + 20% larva BSF), P3 (2,5% turmeric + 15% Indigofera + 15% larva BSF), P4 (2,5% turmeric + 20% Indigofera + 10% larva BSF), P5 (2.5% turmeric + 25% Indigofera + 5% larva BSF). The observed parameters are antioxidant activity using orthogonal contrast tests and orthogonal polynomial tests. The results showed that the treatment had a very real effect (P&lt;0.01) on antioxidant activity. Orthogonal contrast test results showed that the treatment of P0 (control) with the treatment of P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 had a very noticeable effect (P&lt;0.01) on antioxidant activity. Further tests of orthogonal polynomials showed that the highest antioxidant was in the P5 treatment (2,5% turmeric + 25% Indigofera + 5% larva BSF) 115.67%. It was concluded that a combination of 25% larva BSF (<em>Hermetia illucens</em>), 2,5% turmeric (<em>Curcuma domestica</em>) and 5% <em>Indigofera zollingeriana</em> can be used as an alternative feed additive source of antioxidants for poultry livestock.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Antioxidants, larva BSF, turmeric, Indigofera zollingeriana.</em></p> Sri Purwanti Nurhasmiati Nurhasmiati Nancy Lahay Jasmal A. Syamsu Copyright (c) 2022 Sri Purwanti, Nurhasmiati Nurhasmiati, Nancy Lahay, Jasmal A. Syamsu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-06 2022-07-06 6 2 113 123 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.616 Analisis Keuntungan Usaha Penangkaran Burung Murai Batu (Copsychus malabaricus) Di Kota Bengkulu https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/601 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Nowadays, breeding captivity of white-rumped shama (<em>Copsychus malabaricus</em>) becomes a popular business among bird lovers in Bengkulu. It has been directed to create an independent livestock business. This captivity business aims to increase household income and gain profits. Captivity breeding has developed into a promising and potential business. This study aimed to analyze the profits of white-rumped shama breeding captivity business in Bengkulu city. The research was purposively conducted in Bengkulu City. A snowball sampling method was used to determine respondents. Total of 19 respondents were interviewed based on questionairres to determine the characteristics of respondents, total cost, total revenue and R/C ratio. The results showed that the majority of white-rumped shama breeders in Bengkulu city were male (95%) and classified into a productive age group. The average total revenue was Rp 150,744,354/year per respondent. The average of R/C ratio was 2.47, which means that white-rumped shama breeding captivity business in Bengkulu is feasible to be developed.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: Bengkulu City, Breeding Captivity, Profit Analyses, White-rumped Shama</p> Heri Dwi Putranto Yossie Yumiati Alven Syahril Muslim Ahmad Saleh Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 Heri Dwi Putranto, Mrs Yossie, mr Alven, Dr Saleh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 6 2 124 134 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.601 Analisis Kelayakan Usaha Peternakan Ayam Ras Petelur Di Kecamatan Baradatu Kabupaten Way Kanan Provinsi Lampung https://jurnal.utb.ac.id/index.php/jwputb/article/view/615 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Laying hens have a very important role in providing animal protein needs in the community, as the population increases, egg consumption will also increase. So that laying hens have the potential to be developed, based on the economic aspect, researchers are interested in conducting research with the aim of analyzing the feasibility of laying hens in Baradatu District, Way Kanan Regency, Lampung Province. The research was conducted in Baradatu District, Way Kanan Regency, Lampung Province. The method to determine the research location is purposive sampling. Primary data was obtained through direct observation and interviews with farmers with a population of 2000, 5000, 15000. The data analysis in this study were production costs, revenues, income and R/C Ratio analysis. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that laying hens with a population of 2,000, 5,000 and 15,000 from an economic point of view was feasible, because it had an R/C ratio &gt; 1, namely 1.08, 1.11 and 1.19, respectively. The monthly income of laying hens with a population of 2,000 is Rp. 5,884,590,- population of 5,000 is Rp. 18,941,272,- and a population of 15,000 is Rp. 89,585,191,- This shows that the increasing population of livestock, the more feasible the chicken farming business. layer, because the value of the R/C ratio and income is also increasing.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Laying hens, Business Feasibility, Eggs.</p> Tri Anwar Yulianto Novi Eka Wati Riko Herdiansah Copyright (c) 2022 Tri Anwar Yulianto, Novi Eka Wati, Riko Herdiansah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-10 2022-07-10 6 2 135 143 10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.615