PENGARUH KONSENTRASI AIR REBUSAN DAUN MELINJO (Gnetum Gnemon L.) TERHADAP TOTAL MIKROBA KERABANG DAN SPECIFIC GRAVITY TELUR AYAM RAS

Authors

  • Suharyanto Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu
  • Edi Soetrisno Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Bengkulu.
  • Riza Surya Islamiati Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.479

Abstract

AbstractThis study aimed to determine the effect of soaking broiler eggs into boiled water of melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.) leaves with different concentrations on the total microbial shell and Specific Gravity of broiler eggs. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, Department of Animal Husbandry, University of Bengkulu and UPTD Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health at the Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Bengkulu Province. The research used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and each design consisted of 4 replications. P0: Control chicken eggs without soaking in boiled water of melinjo leaves (ARDM). P1: (ARDM) 15%. P2: (ARDM) 30%. P3: (ARDM) 45%. The variables observed in this study were the percentage change in egg weight, the percentage of egg shell weight, specific gravity and TPC (Total Plate Count) of broiler eggs. The results showed that broiler eggs soaked with boiled water from melinjo leaves at a concentration of 15% - 45% had a significant effect (P<0.05) on the difference in the proportion of egg weight on the 21st day. However, there was no significant effect (P>0.05) on the proportion of shell weight, specific gravity and TPC (Total Plate Count) of broiler eggshells. Immersion of broiler eggs using boiled water of melinjo leaves was not able to reduce the number of egg shells, but was able to distinguish differences in egg weight, shell weight and could produce 21 days of storage compared to eggs without air soaking boiled melinjo leaves (control). Keywords: broiler eggs, melinjo leaves, Specific gravity, TPC (Total Plate Count)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Asjayani, Rani. 2014. Aplikasi Ekstrak Daun Enceng Gondok (Eichornia crassipes) pada level dan Lama Simpan terhadap Kualitas Telur Ayam Ras. Skripsi.Universitas Hassanudin.Makasar.

M.N., Andi. 2014. Pengaruh Level Ekstrak Daun Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon Linn) dan Lama Penyimpan yang Berbeda terhadap Kualitas Telur Itik. Skripsi Universitas Hasanuddin . Makasar

Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia (BSNI), 2008, Metode Pengujian Cemaran Mikroba dalam Daging, Telur dan Susu, serta Hasil Olahannya, SNI 2897-2008, Badan Standarisasi Nasional Indonesia, Jakarta

Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia nomor 01-3926-2008 Telur Ayam Konsumsi. Badan Standar Nasional. Jakarta.

Bell, D. and W.D. Weaver. 2002. Commersial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. 5th Ed. Springer Science Business Media. Inc. Spring steet, New York.

Butcher, Gary D and RD. Miles. 2004. Egg Specific Gravity Designing a Monitoring Program. University of Florida. Florida.

Butcher, G.D. and Miles D. R. 1991. Egg Specific gravity-Designing A Monitoring program. Institute of Food and Agricultural Science.Florida.www.pjbs.org. Diakses tanggal 28 Maret 2021.

Chusniati, S., R.N. Budiono, dan R. Kurnijasanti. 2009. Deteksi Salmonella sp pada telur ayam buras yang dijual sebagai campuran jamu di kecamatan sidoarjo. Journal of Poultry Diseases. 2(1):20-23.

Cornelia, A., I. K. Suada, M. D. Rudyanto. 2014. Perbedaan Daya Simpan Telur Ayam Ras yang Dicelupkan dan Tanpa Dicelupkan Larutan Kulit Manggis. Indonesia Medicus Veterinus 3(2): 112-119.

Dewan Standardisasi Nasional (DSN). 1992. SNI 01-2897-1992. Metode PengujianCemaran Mikroba. Jakarta: Standar Nasional Indonesia.

Fibrianti, S.M., I. K. Suada, M. D. Rudyanto.2012.Kualitas Telur Ayam Konsumsi yang dibersihkan dan tanpa dibersihkan Selama Penyimpanan Suhu Kamar .Indonesia Medicus Veterinus 1(3):408± 416.

Hardini. 2000. Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Penyimpanan Telur Konsumsi dan Telur Biologis Terhadap Kualitas Interior Telur Ayam Kampung. FMIPA Universitas Terbuka

Jazil, N., A. Hintono, S. Mulyani.2013.Penurunan Kualitas Telur Ayam Ras dengan Intensitas Warna coklat kerabang berbeda selama penyimpanan.Jurnal Aplikasi Teknologi Pangan 1(2): 43-47.

Karmila.,M.,Maryati.,Jusmawati. 2008. Pemanfaatan Daun Jambu Biji (Psidium guajava L.),SebagaiAlternatif Pengawetan Telur Ayam Ras. FMIPA.UNM. Makassar.

Keswandani, R. 1996. Identifikasi titik pengendalian kritis pengolahan produk daging dan ikan dari industri jasa boga golongan A2 terhadap cemaran bakteri Salmonella sp. Skripsi Jurusan Pengolahan Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. 96 hlm

Lestari S, Malaka R, Garantjang S. 2012. Pengawetan Telur Dengan Perendaman Ekstrak Daun Melinjo (Gnetum Gnemon Linn). J. Sains & Teknologi 13(2) : 184 – 189

Nugroho. 2008. Keperawatan Gerontik. Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Nurjanna, S. 2015. Kontaminasi bakteri telur ayam ras yang di pelihara dengan sistem pemeliharaan intensif dan free range dengan waktu pemberian naungan alami berbeda. Skripsi. Fakultas Perternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar.

Pui, C.F., Wong W, Chai L.C, Tunung R, Jeyaletchumi P, Noor H.M.S, Ubong, A, Farinazleen M.G, Cheah Y.K, Son R. 2011. Salmonella: A foodborne pathogen. Int Food Res J. 18:465-473.

Ummah.M.K. 2010.Ekstraksi dan Pengujian Aktivitas Antibakteri Senyawa tanin pada Daun Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi L.)(Kajian Variasi Pelarut), Skripsi, Kimia UIN Malang, Malang.

Romanoff, A. I. Dan A. J. Romanoff. 1963. The Avian Egg. Jhon Willey and Sons. Inc, New York.

Santoso, M. 2008. Inhibition of Fish Lipid Oxidation by the Extract of Indonesia Edible Plant Seed Melinjo. Japanese Society for Food Science and Technology . Kyoto, Jepang.

Sudaryani, T., 2003. Kualitas Telur. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Yuwanta, T. 2010. Telur dan Kualitas Telur. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-24

How to Cite

Suharyanto, E. . Soetrisno, and R. . Surya Islamiati. “PENGARUH KONSENTRASI AIR REBUSAN DAUN MELINJO (Gnetum Gnemon L.) TERHADAP TOTAL MIKROBA KERABANG DAN SPECIFIC GRAVITY TELUR AYAM RAS”. Wahana Peternakan, vol. 5, no. 2, Sept. 2021, pp. 76-88, doi:10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.479.