Penambahan Tenebrio molitor Pada Pakan Terhadap Karakteristik Hedonik dan Mutu Hedonik Daging Ayam Mentah dan Matang
AbstractABSTRACT Tenebrio molitor is an insect larvae that has the potential as a protein source for poultry feed. However, no exploratory research has been found on the quality of poultry meat reared with feed containing these insect larvae. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hedonic and hedonic quality characteristics of fresh and boiled chicken meat in terms of color, texture, aroma and taste of broiler chicken fed with Tenebrio molitor meal. This research method is experimental using a completely randomized design (CRD). As a treatment, there were two types of feed, namely feed containing 5% MBM as control (R0) and feed containing 5% Tenebrio molitor meal (R1). The treatment was repeated five times, ten chickens for each replication. The results of hedonic and hedonic quality observations were analyzed descriptively. Based on hedonic quality characteristics; the color of the raw meat is redder, the aroma is less fishy, and the taste of cooked meat is more savory. And, in hedonic; broiler chicken that is fed a feed containing Tenebrio molitor meal is preferred by the panelists. So it can be concluded that broiler chicken meat that is fed with Tenebrio molitor meal is better than chicken meat that consumes MBM. Key Words: Chicken meat, Hedonic,Tenebrio molitor
[SNI] Standart Nasional Indonesia. 2009. SNI 3924: 2009 tentang Mutu Karkas dan Daging Ayam. Jakarta (ID): BSNI. ICS 67.120.20:1-7.
Aberle HB, Forrest JC, Hendrick ED, Judge MD, Merkel RA. 2001. Principle of Meat Science. Ed ke-4. Dubuque (US): Kendal/Hunt Publishing Co.
Adedokun SA, Adeola. 2005. Apparent metabolizable energy value of meat and bone meal for white pekin ducks. Poult Sci. 84:1539-1946.
De Foliart G, Dunkel FV, Gracer D. 2009. The Food Insect Newsletter Chronicle of Changing Culture. Salt Lake City (US): Aardvark Global Publishing.
Finke MD. 2002. Complete nutrient composition of selected invertebrates commonly fed to insectivores. Zoo Biol. 21:269–285.
Jinab S, Hajeb P. 2010. Glutamate. Its applications in food and contribution to health. J Appet. (55): 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2010.05.002.
Kilic B, Simsek A, Claus JR, Atilgan E. 2014. Encapsulated phosphate reduce lipid oxidation in both ground chicken and ground beef during raw and cooked meat storage with some influence on colour,pH and cooking loss. Meat sci. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.01.014.
Leeson S, Summers JD. 2005. Commercial Poultry Nutrion3th Ed. Canada [Cnd]: Nottingham University Pr.
Mattjik AA, Sumertajaya M. 2013. Perancangan Percobaan dengan Aplikasi SAS dan Minitab Jilid I. Bogor (ID): IPB Pr.
Meeker DL, Hamilton CR. 2006. Essential Rendering, All About The Animal By- Products Industry. Arlington (US): Kirby Lithographic Company Inc.
Purnamawati Y, Nahrowi, Sumiati. 2016. Effect of substitution of meat bone meal with protein concentrate of mealworm (Tenebrio molitor L.) on performance of broiler. The 3rd ASEAN Regional Conference on Animal Production 3rd APIS & 3rd ARCAP; 2016 19-21 Oktober 2016; Malang, Indonesia. alang (ID): UB Pr. Hlm 611-613.
Sandi. 2012. Pengaruh penambahan ampas tahu dan dedak fermentasi terhadap karkas, usus, dan lemak abdomen ayam broiler. Agrinak. 02 (1):1-5.
Shrimpton DH, Miller WS. 1960. Some cause of thoughness in broilers effects of breed, management, and sex. Poult Sci 1:111-120.
Smith DP, Northcutt JK, Steinberg EL. 2012. Meat quality and sensory attributes of a conventional and a Label Rouge-type broiler strain obtained at retail. Poul Sci. 91:1489–1495 http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3382/ps.2011-01891.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Wahyuni Wahyuni, Niken Ulupi, Nahrowi Nahrowi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.